JURNAL HUKUM KESEHATAN INDONESIA https://jurnal-mhki.or.id/jhki <p style="padding: 10px; border-bottom: 1px solid #aaaaaa; background: #0E0589 none repeat scroll 0% 0%; color: white; text-align: center;"> </p> <p align="justify"><strong>Jurnal Hukum Kesehatan Indonesia </strong>dibentuk berdasarkan Hasil Rapat DPP Masyarakat Hukum Kesehatan Indonesia (MHKI) pada tanggal 01 Oktober 2020, dan disahkan pada tanggal 08 Oktober 2020 Sesuai dengan <strong>SK </strong><strong>Dewan Pengurus Pusat Masyarakat Hukum Kesehatan Indonesia </strong>dengan Nomor: <strong>27/A/DPP/-MHKI/X2020</strong> tentang <strong>Dewan Redaksi</strong> Adapun nama tersebut adalah <strong>Jurnal Hukum Kesehatan Indonesia</strong>, merupakan sarana pengembangan ilmu pengetahuan di bidang Hukum Kesehatan melalui penerbitan karya tulis berbasis hasil penelitian.</p> <p align="justify"><strong>Jurnal Hukum Kesehatan Indonesia</strong>, adalah Jurnal Ilmiah berkala yang diterbitkan oleh Masyarakat Hukum Kesehatan Indonesia (MHKI), sebanyak 2 (dua) kali dalam setahun yaitu pada bulan April, dan Oktober,<strong> Jurnal Hukum Kesehatan Indonesia </strong> sudah memiliki P-ISSN <a href="https://issn.lipi.go.id/terbit/detail/20210422381143013" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2776-4753</a> (cetak), dan E-ISSN <a href="https://issn.lipi.go.id/terbit/detail/20210422551157346" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2776-477X</a> (online), Edisi mulai berlaku adalah Volume 1, Nomor. 1, April 2021. <strong>Jurnal Hukum Kesehatan Indonesia</strong>, memiliki visi menjadi Jurnal Ilmiah yang berstandar Nasional dan International dalam menyebarluaskan dan mengembangkan hasil pemikiran di bidang Hukum Kesehatan.</p> <p align="justify"> </p> <p align="center"><img src="https://jurnal-mhki.or.id/public/site/images/admin-jurnal/cover-200.jpg" alt="" width="200" height="283" /></p> <p style="padding: 10px; border-bottom: 1px solid #aaaaaa; background: #0E0589 none repeat scroll 0% 0%; color: white; text-align: center;"> </p> Masyarakat Hukum Kesehatan Indonesia en-US JURNAL HUKUM KESEHATAN INDONESIA 2776-4753 TELEKONSULTASI KLINIS: ETIKA, DISIPLIN, DAN HUKUM KEDOKTERAN https://jurnal-mhki.or.id/jhki/article/view/17 <p><em>The COVID-19 pandemic has had an impact and changed various aspects of life in Indonesia. Adaptation efforts are carried out to answer the needs of the community in various sectors during the COVID-19 pandemic. Changes have also occurred in the health care sector. The practice of teleconsultation is carried out as an alternative form of medical practice in response to the need for safe access to health services for the community by utilizing information and communication technology. The research was conducted with a qualitative approach. The research was conducted as a clinical teleconsultation case study at UPT Puskesmas Sukarasa. Data were collected using interviews with 2 main participants and 10 supporting participants, observations were made on the teleconsultation practice that was carried out and document studies on documentation and applicable regulations. The results showed that the clinical teleconsultation practice carried out by UPT Puskesmas Sukarasa had applied the applicable rules, legal norms, and medical disciplines. Compliance with ethical rules, legal norms, and medical discipline is an effort to ensure the fulfilment of patient safety in medical practice.</em></p> Dony Septriana Rosady Lutfan Lazuardi Siswanto Sastrowijoto Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL HUKUM KESEHATAN INDONESIA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-06-27 2022-06-27 2 01 1 23 10.53337/jhki.v2i01.17 KAJIAN PERATURAN PROTOKOL KESEHATAN BAGI PERORANGAN SERTA PENEGAKANNYA https://jurnal-mhki.or.id/jhki/article/view/18 <p><em>Presidential Instruction of the Republic of Indonesia Number 6 of 2020 on Enhancing Self-Discipline and Law Enforcement of Health Protocols in the Prevention and Control of </em><em>Corona Virus Disease 2019</em><em> mandates Governors, Regents and Mayors to formulate and stipulate regulations containing provisions on health protocols for individuals, business actors, administrator, organizer or person in charge of public places and facilities. From the Presidential Instruction, various regulations were born in each region to be implemented in their respective regions, one of which is the Semarang Mayor Regulation Number 49 of 2021 on the Implementation of Public Activity Restrictions in the Prevention and Control of Corona Virus Disease 2019 in Semarang City. However, the regulation has several loopholes which if not analyzed further and revised, can make it difficult to enforce them, thus health protocols become slack and potentially lead to a fatal condition where cases number increased again as is currently happened in several countries, including the European Union.</em></p> Krisantiwi Meira Anggarini Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL HUKUM KESEHATAN INDONESIA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-06-27 2022-06-27 2 01 24 29 10.53337/jhki.v2i01.18 PROFESIONALISME TENAGA KESEHATAN DALAM PENANGANAN KEGAWATDARURATAN COVID-19 https://jurnal-mhki.or.id/jhki/article/view/20 <p><em>COVID-19 is an emergency that must be treated immediately by medical personnel. Handling the COVID-19 outbreak is the biggest challenge for health workers. Health workers need training for handling COVID-19 emergency cases because of the high risk in handling emergency cases. Patient safety is the main priority in handling emergency cases. The method used in this paper is a literature review study that aims to explore the professionalism of health workers in handling COVID-19 emergencies. The professionalism of health workers in handling COVID-19 emergencies consists of the main aspects, namely professional care in providing health services, competent health workers in handling COVID-19 emergencies, health workers having professional wisdom for handling COVID-19 emergencies, professional health workers having interpersonal competence, able to empower positive communication and partnerships with the patient's family, professional health workers develop themselves both personally and professionally, which is a prerequisite for true professionalism.</em></p> Fitriani Nur Damayanti Budi Santosa Ta’adi Ta’adi Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL HUKUM KESEHATAN INDONESIA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-06-27 2022-06-27 2 01 30 36 10.53337/jhki.v2i01.20 PROSEDUR KHUSUS PELAYANANAN TERPADU FORENSIK KLINIK KORBAN KEKERASAN PEREMPUAN DAN ANAK DI RUMAH SAKIT https://jurnal-mhki.or.id/jhki/article/view/19 <p><em>The Ministry of Women's Empowerment and Child Protection (PPPA) Republic of Indonesia recorded the occurrence of violence against women and children. In the period (1 January - 9 June 2021), there were 2,319 cases of violence against adult women with 2,347 victims and 3,314 cases of violence against children with 3,683 victims.</em> <em>Handling of victims of violence against women (KP) and victims of violence against children (KIA) in hospitals is not yet fully integrated and is similar to other general patient services. Hospital directors and staff must see cases of KP and KIA as cases that should be handled specifically so that victims receive comprehensive services both medically and legally, this paper is expected to be a reference procedure for hospitals that perform clinical forensic services in handling violence against women and children.</em></p> Muhammad Kholil Ikhsan Ahmad Yudianto Nily Sulistyorini Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL HUKUM KESEHATAN INDONESIA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-06-27 2022-06-27 2 01 37 43 10.53337/jhki.v2i01.19 PERSPEKTIF FORENSIK KLINIK TERHADAP KEKERASAN DALAM RUMAH TANGGA https://jurnal-mhki.or.id/jhki/article/view/21 <p><em>Incidences of physical, psychological and sexual violence are common in Indonesia and tend to increase. All forms of violence, including domestic violence (KDRT) are violations of human rights and criminal law. KDRT can cause injury to the victim, good, moderate, not to mention psychological trauma. An assessment of the injury in this cases by the clinical forensics is absolutely necessary. A case report of a woman being abused by her husband causing physical and psychological injuries at RSUD dr. Soetomo Surabaya then made a report to the police. Upon examination by a medicolegal forensic expert, a wound that results in illness or an obstacle to carrying out work or living for a while. KDRT in short is an act against someone, causing physical, sexual, or psychological suffering or neglect within the household. Perpetrators can be subject to the PKDRT Law No. 23 of 2004 differs in views that can have the same impact but not in the household scope. Not every violence leaves scars. Even visible wounds have different degrees before the law. The role of medicolegal forensic specialists is needed in clinical forensic cases like this, while the law imposed becomes the authority of the authorities.</em></p> Syahroni Syahroni Ahmad Yudianto Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL HUKUM KESEHATAN INDONESIA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-06-27 2022-06-27 2 01 44 52 10.53337/jhki.v2i01.21 PENGATURAN DASAR HUKUM DALAM PELAKSANAAN TELEMEDICINE PADA FASILITAS KESEHATAN TINGKAT PERTAMA https://jurnal-mhki.or.id/jhki/article/view/22 <p><em>Telemedicine use in Indonesia has drastically increased since the pandemic era begins and it will continue to grow into the future. The primary care in Indonesia also called Fasilitas Kesehatan Tingkat Pertama (FKTP) will get the advantages from telemedicine with its rehabilitative, preventive, rehabilitative, and curative care, and also FKTP has a massive number of members. This study aims to analyze aspects that need to be regulated in drafting telemedicine regulations, especially in FKTP. This study was conducted by analyzing telemedicine regulation in Indonesia and another study that relates to the implementation of telemedicine. In Indonesia, telemedicine regulation is for Covid cases only, but telemedicine is being used very widely in various cases. There is an omission of the legal basis in its implementation so it needs to be regulated carefully and quickly. Things that need to be considered are administrative aspects: patient authentication, doctor’s license, and patient-doctor relation in telemedicine; patients</em> <em>rights: information, consent, and confidentiality; quality of medical care: competency standard, and medical device standard</em>.</p> Leonardus Susilo Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL HUKUM KESEHATAN INDONESIA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-06-27 2022-06-27 2 01 53 61 10.53337/jhki.v2i01.22 PEMERIKSAAN TOKSIKOLOGI PADA KASUS BUNUH DIRI DENGAN ASAM KLORIDA DAN TINJAUAN ASPEK MEDIKOLEGAL https://jurnal-mhki.or.id/jhki/article/view/25 <p><em>Suicide is an unnatural way of dying. The prevalence of suicide is still high in several countries, including Indonesia. Based on data from the Indonesian Ministry of Health, in Indonesia, there are more than 16,000 suicides every year. The following is a report of a suicide case that was autopsied at Bhayangkara Hospital and carried out for toxicological examination. At the crime scene, a plastic bottle containing a cloudy blue liquid was found around the victim. The results of the laboratory examination of the gastric samples taken during the autopsy and the plastic bottles showed that they contained hydrochloric acid. Article 133, paragraph 1 of the Criminal Code explains that there is a need for good cooperation between investigators and forensic doctors to determine the cause of death. Forensic laboratory examination is very helpful in determining the cause of death</em></p> Edwin Tambunan Ahmad Yudianto Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL HUKUM KESEHATAN INDONESIA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-06-27 2022-06-27 2 01 62 66 10.53337/jhki.v2i01.25 FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEPUTUSAN DO NOT RESUSCITATE (DNR) DAN KONSEKUENSI HUKUMNYA https://jurnal-mhki.or.id/jhki/article/view/24 <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memberikan gambaran faktor apa saja yang mempengaruhi keputusan DNR dan bagaimana konsekuensi hukumnya di Indonesia ketika keputusan ini terpaksa dipilih. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian yuridis empiris berdasarkan data rekam medis beberapa pasien dengan masing-masing diagnosis berbeda yang dirawat di Instalasi Gawat Darurat, <em>Intensive Care Unit</em>, Instalasi Rawat Inap<em>, </em>dan Ruang Isolasi Covid-19. Selanjutnya dilakukan analisis secara yuridis normatif dengan menggunakan sumber hukum yang berlaku di Indonesia. Hasil penelitian ini adalah ditemukannya gambaran faktor pasien, faktor keluarga, faktor tenaga profesional pemberi asuhan, faktor sumber daya, dan faktor pemahaman bioetika yang mempengaruhi keputusan DNR. Konsekuensi hukum pidana adalah mungkin, bila DNR dilakukan tanpa alasan klinis yang kuat dan tidak dilakukan dengan prosedur yang benar sebagaimana diatur dalam Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Nomor 37 Tahun 2014. Oleh karena itu, dokter dan rumah sakit harus memastikan bahwa keputusan DNR dilakukan pada pasien yang berada dalam keadaan yang tidak dapat disembuhkan akibat penyakit yang dideritanya (<em>terminal state</em>) dan tindakan kedokteran sudah sia-sia (<em>futile)</em>; keputusan melibatkan semua organ rumah sakit terkait (Tim Profesional Pemberi Asuhan, Manajer Pelayanan Pasien, Direktur, Komite Medik, Komite Etik dan Hukum); dan berdasarkan keputusan tertulis dari keluarga pasien.</p> Margaretha Indah Wijilestari Yohanes Leonard Suharso Hari Pudjo Nugroho Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL HUKUM KESEHATAN INDONESIA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-06-27 2022-06-27 2 01 67 81 10.53337/jhki.v2i01.24